Dr. Hans Sloane to Mr. John Ray – Dec. 20, 1684
Item infoDate: Dec. 20, 1684 Author: Dr. Hans Sloane Recipient: Mr. John Ray
Library: The Correspondence of John Ray: Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by DR. Derham and Original Letters of John Ray, in the Collection of the British Museum Manuscript: The Correspondence of John Ray: Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by DR. Derham and Original Letters of John Ray, in the Collection of the British Museum Folio: pp. 158 - 159
The Correspondence of John Ray: Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by DR. Derham and Original Letters of John Ray, in the Collection of the British Museum
Chelsea Garden, East Indies, Germany, West Indies
Date (as written)
Dec. 20, 1684
December 20, 1684
Origin (as written)
Menzelius Mr. Watts
SIR,-The Fungus Campaniformis niger multa Sem. plan. in se continens of Merrett’s Pinax [Nidularia cam- panulata, With.], grows plentifully here in several places in London, and seems to me very pretty in the contriv- ance of the seed; for within the cup of the fungus, which is like a bell, or rather the top of Muscus Pysoides, or Pixidatus Ger. [Scyphophorus], there lies several seeds fastened to the bottom of the cup by means of a very small thread, or fibril, which I suppose might bring the sap from the root to the seed: it has but a small root, and usually comes out in a round white tumour from old wood, which serves to keep up the sides of borders; the rain falling into this cup, and filling it, the seeds are heaved up and washed over, and sow themselves. Per- haps this Fungus may have a near affinity with the common Muscus Pixidatus, and this may have some seed too. This Fungus is figured by Menzelius in his description of some plants in several places of Germany. Its name, or what he says of it, I do not now remember, not having the book by me. If you have not taken notice of this Muscus or Fungus, I will observe it more narrowly and send you its history. Yesterday I was at Chelsea Garden to see how the plants were preserved there this cold weather, and found that in the daytime they put no fire into their furnaces, and that in the night they not only put in some fire, but cover the windows where they stand with pitched canvas, taking this off and opening them as much as the air or wind permits. There is now in flower the Se- dum arboresc. [Sempervivum arboretum, Linn.] This is the fourth year of its age; it is in a pot, and has continued flowering for this four months, and is very pleasant. Mr. Watts expects to have Aloe this year in flower, it being already set for it. He has several myrtles not described, a fine amaranthus, of a crimson colour, which comes from the East Indies, and some fine Cyclamini. When I shall have the happiness to peruse what you have, or are a writing on any of the tribes, if I shall have observed anything concerning them not mentioned therein, I shall not fail to give you an account.
There is a vast number of East and West India seedscome over this year; among the rest, great store of Pisum arborescens, all the sorts of the Abrus, Tea, &c. Of all which there are great expectations, and as they come to perfection you may expect from me an account of them * * * *
London, Dec. 20, 1684
Edwin Lankester, ed. The Correspondence of John Ray: Consisting of Selections from the Philosophical Letters Published by Dr. Derham, and original letters of John Ray in the Collection of the British Museum (London: Printed for the Ray Society, 1848), pp. 158 – 159.
Letter destination presumed as Black Notley as Ray’s location in his prior and letter and response to Sloane is Black Notley. Ray was also considered not to have left Black Notley after 1679.